I hardly consider a clickbait grammar quiz to be a good judge of whether or not you truly paid attention to your high school English teacher. English grammar is very, very complex! Moreover, I think that it’s under-emphasized in American high schools. (And one of these days I’ll probably write an entire post about that…)
Although many of my readers who contact me for help with their college personal statements are foreigners, I would say about 1/3 are native English speakers.
Regardless of nationality, this quiz touches on a few issues that I come across regularly, such as:
- who VS whom
- affected VS effected
- that VS which
- then VS than
Of course, a quiz like this makes things look simple. When I’m editing a personal statement, grammar is just the first of many things that I look at. Word choice, overall feeling, flow, and organization are also equally important.
Nevertheless, quizzes are fun! See if you can get a 25/25.
Starting a formal letter for a job or college application is difficult. It’s true.
Your teacher will tell you that the best thing to do is to address an individual. But unfortunately, that’s not always possible.
In fact, since college admissions essays are often written for a team of admissions representatives, there may not be a single person to address. So, what do you do?
Here are a few options to consider (along with my personal opinions about them).
To Whom It May Concern
- Very impersonal – while this may be considered as technically “correct” it shows very little thought
- Reads like a translation from another language
- Impersonal yet gendered, making for an awkward feel
Dear Admissions Committee
- Although impersonal, this allows you to avoid outdated and gendered terms while remaining vague about the letter’s recipients
Dear University of Minnesota
- Although still impersonal, stating the university’s name at least lets the read know that this isn’t a mass letter that you sent to every job/school
- Feels somewhat more modern
Dear Department of English Studies
- Shows that it isn’t a mass letter sent out to every school
- Shows that you understand which department you will be joining
Oftentimes, you can start your college essays directly, without addressing a letter to anyone. However, certain schools (like Sciences Po) ask specifically for a letter. Moreover, you will find the issue of starting a formal letter is a recurring issue when you start applying for jobs after graduation.
More help with college essay grammar and writing: